Our Hendon family tree contains numerous men named Josiah, Josias, and Joshua. One of them, this Josiah J. Hendon, has perplexed me for many     
    years because information on him is uncommon and often ambiguous. His place of birth is currently unknown, but was likely Maryland, Georgia,
    or the Carolinas.

    Josiah first married an unknown lady circa 1800. One child, Martha Hendon, was born 1800-1801. That wife died circa 1811 because Josiah          
    married again on 9 Aug 1812, Adams District, Mississippi Territory. His new bride was "Patsey Pruitt". Their marriage year permits us to
    approximate Josiah's birth year to the 1770s and Patsey's to the 1790s. Unfortunately, Patsey died after giving birth to their daughter Henrietta
    Hendon in 1813. Poor Henrietta's life was much like that of her mother: BRIEF. Henrietta died at age seven in 1820. (Source) Early Mississippi          
    Deaths: Adams County - "Henriott Hendon died Jul 22, 1820, age seven, Billious Remittent Fever, Doc. Chew, City of Natchez." Billious Remittent
    Fever was probably yellow fever.

   The Mississippi Territory was first visited by Spanish explorers circa 1540, but it was the French who established the first permanent settlement
    in present-day Mississippi in 1699.  Being an ally of the fledgling America during her Revolution, France ceded the Mississippi Territory to the
    United States in 1798. Mississippi achieved statehood in 1817, when Adams County was created from the original Natchez District.
   Josiah Hendon probably arrived in Mississippi before 1800 and was hired as "Constable, Natchez District". However, after the deaths of his daughter
   and two wives, Josiah became discouraged with his job and decided to resign in 1813.

  In a letter to the governor, Josiah explained why he had chosen to leave his position. The original document is difficult to
understand, so the
transcribed version follows:


                                              Natchez, Feby 24th 1813 

                     His Excellancy David Holmes, Governor of the Mississippi Territory 

   Humble Sir,

   Finding many duties placed (?) on me as Constable for the City of Natchez, which, under
  existing cirsumstances I cannot perform - for want of proper jail space and Bounty
together with certain causes of inconvenience, - I deem it expedient to resign my      
as such. You will therefore, not consider me as acting or performing the duties    
   of Constable
for the City of Natchez from the day of the date thereof.

     Your very obidient and most humble Servt-                   (signed)   Josiah Hendon

     (Note) In 1800, the population of Natchez, Mississippi Territory was approximately 4500.

Josiah Hendon was included in the 1810 Adams County, Mississippi Territory, Census. Then, on Sept. 13, 1813, Josiah signed as "Executor and Legatee" on the
Adams County, Will  of his friend, Joseph Karr.  Josiah was also included in a "Petition to Congress, Oct 10, 1814, by inhabitants of the territory seeking
adjustment of land claims obtained from the British Government."

Early Mississippi Probate Records indicate that Josiah Hendon died and his only descendant, Martha Hendon, was assigned a guardian on Jul 11, 1815 and was awarded administrative rights to all her father's possessions......

Mississippi Territory } The Orphans Court of Adams County


                    Whereas Josiah Hendon deceased late of said County died intestate as we are informed having whilst he lived at the time of his death derived goods, rights, and credits within the Territory aforesaid and we desiring that the said goods, rights, and credits may be well and truly administered, converted, and disposed of, do hereby grant unto Martha Hendon full power by the tenor of these present to administer the goods lands chattle rights and credits of the said deceased which to him in his life time and at the time of his death did belong - to ask; levy, recover, and receive the same, and pay the debts in which the deceased stood bound  so far forth of his said goods, rights, credits, lands, tenements, and here unto (?) amenitys will extend according to their rate and the order of the law to make a perfect and just inventory of said goods and chattle rights and the same to exhibit in the office of the Register of this Court at or before the expiration of three months from the date hereof and to render a just account of said administration when there unto legally required. And the said Martha Hendon is hereby ordained administrator of all and singular goods and chattle rights and credits, monies and effects of the said deceased.
Witness: Samuel Brooks Esq, Chief Justice of the said Court this 11th Day of July eighteen hundred fifteen.

                (Signed) Signature illegible  






"Martha Hendon" was included in the "Inhabitants of Mississippi in 1816 – Adams County". She married Garrett Cord on 23 Feb 1817 in Adams County, Mississippi. Garrett Cord (Chord), a native of Harford County, Maryland, was born circa 1795 and was a member of (Hood's) 32nd Regiment, Maryland
Militia, during the War of 1812. He evidently moved to Mississippi after completing his military service and was included among on the 1818 Adams County, Mississippi tax list.

Martha and Garrett moved their family to Fleming County, Kentucky during the 1820s, where they were included in the 1830 census with three boys under
age fifteen, three girls under age ten, along with Garrett and Martha. In 1840, the Cords were still residing in Fleming County, where the family consisted of
four boys under age 30, two girls under age 20, Garrett and Martha.

The identities of these six children are unknown. It is believed that Garrett and Martha had only child who lived past 1850: William Hough Cord, born
9 May 1821, Adams County, Mississippi; died 7 Mar 1886, Fleming County, Kentucky. William married first, Virginia R. Dupuy (1849) and then her sister,
Mary F. Dupuy (1861).
Garrett and Martha (Hendon) Cord both died in Fleming County, Kentucky 1840-1850.

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